The Yellow Tool Sheet is a resource shared in the formative assessment workshops. The techniques are low-cost, K-12 adaptable, low-prep, used before, during, after instruction, and provide immediate feedback to the student and the teacher for next steps in teaching and learning.
Summarize today's learning in 3 sentences...Reduce your 3 sentences to 5 key words...And finally, 1 word...
CASH Out requires students to reflect on a reading passage, article, video or presentation using four guiding questions:
Students respond individually after reading the passage or viewing a video. CASH Out could be followed by a Timed Pair Share in which each partner has one minute to share his or her responses to each question.
Road Signs asks students to indicate their understanding of a topic or procedure by selecting a road sign that indicates where they are in learning an objective/topic.
In our work with educators, we have found that structured conversations about student performance are critical for improving instructional practice and student learning. The data analysis protocol is one of several protocols we provide to make the most of educators' limited time together.
Sticky Walls are a means to display students' responses to questions or statements. The benefit of a sticky wall is that students and educators can quickly see where students might have questions, insights or connections. As a result, instruction can be adjusted while the learning is taking place. Sticky Walls can be purchased from on-line vendors or they can be made at home.
Muddiest Point is an example of an exit slip or bell ringer. On a slip of paper, students write about a concept or idea from the lesson that was muddiest for them. The exit slip becomes a formative assessment when the educator (or the student) uses the responses to determine the next steps in the learning process.
SOS is an example of how a formative assessment tool can be built from an acrostic. The S stands for Success - What is one thing from today's lesson that you feel you have successfully grasped? The O stands for, On Target - What did you hear or read today that is on target with what you already knew about the topic; and the S stands for, Synopsis - In ten words or less, sum up today's learning.
Students need regular affirmation from both their peers and their teachers. This list is a short list of affirmations for all ages that can be used to teach, model and reinforce this critical socialization skill.
When planning lessons, consider embedding checks for understanding every 10 minutes during instruction. The Lesson Plan Design Template contains a list of formative assessment strategies to help during planning
Response cards labeled A, B, C and D can be used by students to show their responses to multiple choice questions. Teachers first pose a question to the class. When the teacher says "show" students use the response cards to show their answer to the teacher.
To maximize the learning, teachers may choose to label the four corners of the room with the letters A, B, C and D. When different answer choices are selected across students, teachers can ask students to go to the corner of the room that represents their answer choice. After arriving at their corner, students may explain the reasoning for their answer choice. Then, students may be given the option to move to another corner after hearing another peer's explanation.
Use the following template to make ABCD cards for your students. Punch a hole in the upper right corner of each card and use a ring to bind the cards.
Use these four questions with students and teachers to promote self-reflection and metacognition.
N: What do you Need to move forward?
S: What is your next Step?
E: What Excites you about the ideas?
W: What do you find Worrisome?
PLC's or PLN's, use this protocol to share your work with colleagues and learn from the good work of others. The original Success Analysis Protocol was developed by the National School Reform Faculty (NSRF).
Windshield Check requests students to self-assess using visuals with three sentence stems about their learning: What is crystal clear...What is spotty...What is an obstacle to your learning. It is effective as an entrance slip or an exit ticket as an oral or written formative assessment.
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